Swine Health Monitoring Project expanding but needs more industry participants
Editor’s note: Two days after the symposium, Dr. Morrison was killed in a car accident in Prague. He leaves as his legacy the Swine Health Monitoring Project, an endeavor that will continue under the direction of his colleagues as the Morrison Swine Health Monitoring Program.
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The Swine Health Monitoring Project (SHMP)* continues to expand but ultimately needs data from 90% of the industry to reach its long-term goal of supporting the response to emerging pathogens, said the late Bob Morrison, DVM, PhD, professor, University of Minnesota, and coordinator of the project.
In the short term, the primary goal of SHMP, which began in 2015 with funding from the Swine Health Information Center (SHIC), is to monitor the incidence and prevalence of swine diseases and provide information to participants that help with disease management.
Currently, the project is gathering data on porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) and Senecavirus A, he reported. “We focus on methods of data capture and then, finally, visualization and reporting of those data. That’s what gets us up in the morning,” he said.
SHMP is receiving data from 30 systems with approximately 1,100 sow farms representing 2.83 million sows. This includes 21 production companies, five veterinary practices and four regional projects. Data are provided voluntarily and, if desired, anonymously, he said.
The project, which provides a weekly report to participants and about 300 non-participants, summarizes the latest findings on PRRS, PED and Senecavirus A. The report includes a “science page,” available online, with a variety of topics ranging from the cost of PRRS to an article about unusual central nervous system cases.
SHMP is capturing swine-movement data and hopes to have a better understanding of how movement affects disease. It’s also participating in collaborative studies with universities and a research institute. Studies under way include an investigation of a PRRS virus outbreak, detection of new and important PRRS viruses and an assessment of biosecurity.
Morrison indicated he was heartened no participants have withdrawn and said SHMP has enough data to understand what’s going on with a limited number of diseases. However, he emphasized the project needs the large majority of the industry to participate if it’s to reach its goal of responding to emerging pathogens.
Morrison said he’s frequently asked why producers participate in SHMP. The answer is that producers benefit from sharing the benchmark data on PRRS and PED or, as one pork producer told him tongue in cheek, “That’s a nice way to put it, but really, it’s about sharing the misery. We really like to know that other producers are miserable, so it makes us feel good.”
“Kidding aside, disease control made possible by SHMP not only secures the nation’s pork supply, it means more success for pork producers and swine veterinarians,” Morrison added.
FIVE VISIONS FOR THE FUTURE
Looking ahead, Morrison asked the audience of PRRS specialists for input on the project’s future direction.
“Where would we like to be at the end of this project? Where would we like to be in 2020, which will be the fifth year of funding from SHIC? If you put on your dream caps, as I will, I’ll be interested in your thoughts — how we build on and develop this aspect of regional and local health.”
He then offered five visions of his own:
1. Develop hot and cold maps for PRRS, PED and emerging diseases
“By that, I mean where the disease is and where the disease isn’t. That might help with pig placement. We have pieces of that now.”
2. Produce transport heat maps
“I think we could produce transport heat maps, being aware of the pigs moving, that are positive and negative.”
3. Develop more tools to supplement the veterinarian’s outbreak investigation
“There’s some fairly nice analytic capabilities that are out there, if you have the data,” he said, citing the risks of transportation as one example. “Those tools all exist, but we don’t have the data.” Once we do, he added, “I think we’ll be able to provide those tools to veterinarians.”
4. Link SHMP data to the industry’s secure pork supply initiative
“This is something we’re working on now — this aspect of business continuity or Secure Pork Supply,” he said, referring to the National Pork Board’s initiative to ensure pig flow from uninfected farms in areas with government-mandated quarantines following an outbreak of a foreign animal disease.
“Given that we have data for a fair number of producers in the industry, we can build on that,” he said. “We have all of the sow-farm locations and identities,” and it would not be that much of a reach to get all the growing-pig locations. This will be even more feasible once the state testing laboratories complete efforts underway to standardize reporting.
But there’s more to PRRS management than data analyses and sharing, Morrison said. “VDL (veterinary diagnostic laboratory) data is great for a new and emerging pathogen, but a pathogen like PRRS requires some interpretation on the part of the veterinarian,” he continued. “Is the farm stable? Or is it stable vaccinated? So, we use PRRS as an example of building value for SHMP, and we require the veterinarian’s interpretation of those data.”
5. Gather and use more pig-transport data
“The one other piece you would need, as well as the analytical tools, would be the transport data,” he said. “We can actually grab it today, but we’re going to try and develop methods that grab it more conveniently in order to incorporate it into the health data, the location data, and create those tools or those capabilities that we hope will be useful.”
* For more information about MSHMP, contact Carles Vilalta, DVM, PhD, at 651.352.7062 or [email protected].
What’s now known as the Morrison Swine Health Monitoring Program, or MSHMP, closed its pathogen year on June 30, 2017. Here are highlights on PRRS from the issued report:
- Added four production companies
- Currently 33 systems with 1,092 sow farms and 2.96 million sows
- 161 non-participants receive weekly report
MONITORING AND INCIDENCE
PRRS incidence was 26% after 2 consecutive years at 28%.
“There are concerns that we have reached a threshold and that, for overcoming it and going into lower levels of incidence, we will have to improve collectively as an industry and make efforts to better understand how the disease spreads,” the report said.
“One of the lessons learned during this (pathogen) year is that a given region and its features (weather and landscape) may shape disease incidence, e.g., having a different pattern in the Midwest and the Southeast of the USA.”
PROSPECTIVE MONITORING OF PRRS VIRUSES
In a large-scale analysis of sequences coming from one system from the Midwest, MSHMP detected different characteristics that could help to differentiate endemic and epidemic strains.
The next step is to gather all the sequences from three different systems and analyze them monthly in an attempt to detect emerging strains and understand their spread in one area.
DEVELOP CAPACITY TO CAPTURE AND ANALYZE MOVEMENT
data in real time A first version of a mobile app to collect truck movement and farm visits was developed and tested with promising results. A second version of the app with improvements is ready and will be tested in the following months.
EXPAND PARTICIPATION TO AL L PRODUCERS
Four production companies came on board during the last pathogen year. MSHMP now includes nearly 3 million sows or approximately 50% of the sows in the US.
“Following Bob’s loss, a new plan for communication with the industry has been outlined and will be implemented in the second part of the year (2017) to sustain MSHMP’s mission” and producers’ collaboration with the ultimate goal to ensure “industry resilience and protection.”