Category Archive: Diagnostics, Emerging Diseases, FSVS, News, PGT GLOBAL, PGT US
Nov 30, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Focus on Streptococcus suis diagnostics and managementMulti-disciplinary collaboration between academia, industry partners and the veterinary community is improving the diagnostics for and management of S. suis.
Nov 30, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on High prevalence of PCV2 recombinants highlights importance of broad vaccine coverageDISCOVERIES, Issue 21: A recent analysis of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) genetic sequences shows that up to 25% of field strains are recombinants of diverse genotypes, highlighting the importance...
Nov 24, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Iowa scientist sees ‘a lot of genetic diversity’ in swine influenza virusesAccording to research, swine influenza A viruses have become more complicated in recent years. There is a great deal of diversity within the influenza virus.
Nov 16, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Ct values predict PRRS nursery mortality, can guide vaccination decisionsDISCOVERIES, Issue 18: Obtaining cycle threshold (Ct) values based on processing fluids provides a practical way to identify neonatal pigs at risk for nursery mortality associated with PRRS and can...
Oct 30, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Three ways to assess your herd’s ‘positive welfare state’The “Five Freedoms” have been the foundation for establishing sound animal welfare practices since they were developed in 1965. Now, more than 50 years later, researchers have additional tools...
Oct 28, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Fostera® PRRS protects against diverse PRRS virus field strainsDISCOVERIES, Issue 19: PRRS has been described as one of the most important swine diseases of the last half-century. An estimated 20% to 25% of herds are still aﬀected, and the syndrome remains the...
Oct 21, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Pork’s future relies on trust throughout the pork value chainIn the end, raising hogs is about producing pork, and continuous success depends on building customers’ trust, listening to expectations and meeting their needs.
Oct 16, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Genetic diversity makes swine influenza a challenge for producersInfluenza A virus in swine is one of the primary respiratory pathogens challenging swine production systems in the US and around the world.
Oct 11, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Decontamination protocols fail to disinfect incoming hog suppliesBiosecurity protocols are critical to keeping the US hog herd healthy, and one of the regular tasks is to disinfect a wide range of supplies entering the farm, but how effective are those protocols?
Sep 30, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on What they don’t tell you in veterinary school: Take care of yourselfA romanticized view of the veterinary profession, gleaned from sources like the famous Brit, James Herriot’s novel “All Creatures Great and Small,” doesn’t always mesh with the reality.
Sep 27, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Neonatal pigs with low levels of viremia may benefit from PRRS vaccinationTOOLBOX, Issue 19: An interview with Jose Angulo, DVM, PRRS Specialist, Managing Veterinarian, Zoetis
Sep 20, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Pork industry makes progress on pain managementPain management for pigs has always been a challenge, partly because it’s difficult to measure levels of pain and partly because there are no FDA-approved drugs labeled for pain management in pigs.
Sep 10, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Can the processing-fluid toolbox expand beyond PRRS?Piglet processing fluids have been shown to be a practical, time-efficient and affordable diagnostic tool for PRRS, and some indications suggest that PCV2 offers promise as well.
Sep 08, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Today’s forecast: Scattered PRRS outbreaks with isolated sprinkles of PEDForecasting swine-disease outbreaks might become a lot like predicting the weather as scientists combine monitoring disease data with computer models.
Aug 31, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Take a process-driven approach to influenza controlUS pork producers should strive to produce influenza-negative pigs if they want to see the benefits of increased productivity, reduced secondary infections and antibiotic use, reduced influenza...
Aug 29, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Committing time, attention to pig’s first 24 hours key to health, uniformityThe farrowing room is a demanding place — one that needs to accommodate the divergent needs of a 500+-pound sow and her 10, 15 or 20 piglets weighing anywhere from 1.5 to 3 pounds.
Aug 21, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on COVID-19 impact on swine industry headlines 2020 virtual Leman ConferenceCOVID-19’s global-altering tentacles reached the 2020 Allen D. Leman Swine Conference scheduled Sept. 19-22. This year’s conference will be held virtually.
Aug 11, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Researchers ‘look beyond the normal’ to identify emerging diseaseThe first case of Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (Strep. zoo) was identified in the US pig population last fall, and it’s not an organism to be taken lightly.
Aug 01, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Addressing ‘unknown factors’ in sow mortalitySow mortality has been on the rise in the US pork industry, reaching upwards of 15% in many sow-production systems, said Ashley Johnson, DVM, technical services veterinarian with Zoetis.
Jul 17, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Swine Health Information Center: Preparing for emerging diseasesWhether the issue is an emerging disease such as porcine epidemic diarrhea or the threat of African swine fever, being prepared is key to minimizing the potential impact on the US swine herd and...
Jul 15, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Veterinarians, mind your mental healthVeterinarians deal with stress under the best circumstances. But in this time of difficult decisions for pork producers and those who service them due to COVID-19, maintaining mental health is even...
Jun 28, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Pen-side diagnostic comparisons for nursed-off sows and fallback pigsFor both the sow and piglet, an animal that does not perform to its potential or falls behind its counterparts will negatively impact the sow farm’s productivity and profitability.
Jun 24, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Vaccine trial data versus lineage: What’s the best way to predict PRRS vaccine performance?TOOLBOX, Issue 20: An interview with Eva Jablonski, DVM, PRRS Specialist, Senior Technical Services Veterinarian, Zoetis
Jun 18, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Antimicrobial resistance causing few clinical problems in swineClinical problems in swine due to antimicrobial-resistant infections are rare. In fact, patterns of resistance in swine have been stable for a long time.
Jun 03, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Comparing diagnostic sampling prospects from M. hyo-positive-source boar studsMany sow farms have undergone M. hyo elimination within their breeding herd, which makes it critical to understand the potential transmission risk from boar studs.
May 27, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Watch your Strep: Keep your guard up for this evolving bacteriumFew things remain the same for long on a hog farm. By the very nature of today’s production system, pigs are continuously moving on or off a site. One thing that remains constant is Strep suis.
May 16, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Processing fluids provide an option to monitor PCV2 and PCVADEffective PCV2 control relies on vaccination of healthy pigs before they become infected. This goal cannot be accomplished in unstable herds whose sows give birth to viremic pigs.
May 13, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Comparing PCV2 gilt vaccination protocols and progeny statusPorcine circovirus type 2 is the principal etiological agent of porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD), which can cost producers an estimated $3 to $4 per pig.
May 10, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Automatic foggers fall short in disinfecting hog-farm suppliesPreventing fomites from carrying pathogens into hog farms is a daily biosecurity priority, but how effective are typical disinfection protocols?
May 06, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Gebhart: Cracking the Strep suis codeStreptococcus suis (Strep suis) is becoming more prevalent and more complex in US swine herds. The coccoid-shaped, Gram-positive bacterium is also a zoonotic disease, capable of transmission from...
Apr 24, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Study compares PRRSV antibody-sampling options for sowsWhen it comes to porcine reproductive and respiratory virus it’s important for the veterinarian and farm personnel to know the health status of a herd or barn.
Apr 15, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on German researchers: Pigs, poultry not susceptible to COVID-19Scientists in Germany have confirmed that pigs and chickens are not susceptible to COVID-19.
Apr 10, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on How stress hammers a pig’s intestinal systemExperts say some forms of sustained stress can weaken a pig’s immune system and make it more vulnerable to disease and performance losses.
Apr 01, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Diagnostic experts: PCV3 is common in US swine herdsPCV3 was first reported in 2016, but appears to have been present in swine populations decades prior to that time. PCV3 strains are similar to one another but are very different from PCV2.
Mar 30, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Moving parts: Integrated, holistic approach needed for effective mycoplasma controlRenewed interest in M. hyo and its impact on herd health and performance has prompted producers and veterinarians to re-evaluate control strategies for the costly bacterial disease.
Mar 17, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Swine dysentery makes an unwelcome comebackJust when US pork producers thought swine dysentery was a problem of the past, it has re-emerged for an unwelcome encore in a slightly different form.
Feb 27, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Moving biosecurity from the farm to the feed millAn effective biosecurity strategy is not a stagnant process. It is continuously influenced by changes in pig-flows, disease pressures, virus evolution, emerging health issues and more.
Feb 20, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Ellis: No magic bullet to reduce pre-wean mortalityPre-wean mortality has increased over the last 15 years, and it’s a major concern for US pork producers and veterinarians.
Feb 14, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Outmaneuvering PRRSV requires a better understanding of genetic diversityPRRSV is constantly evolving, resulting in an extremely diverse virus with multiple lineages, but building a better understanding of that genetic diversity is the next step to making real progress...
Feb 12, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Deen: Apply old lessons to new technologiesClassical education emphasizes the need for industries to adopt new technologies to keep up with external demands and constantly changing economic environments.
Feb 06, 2020Susan SpiegelComments Off on Pollmann: Make the most of your human capitalThe US pork industry is challenging under the best of circumstances, with enough variables to make even astute, savvy businesspeople cautious. However, one of the biggest components of a successful,...
Dec 30, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on PCV3 is ‘absolutely’ a pathogen but proceed with cautionPorcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) is “absolutely” a pathogen but merely finding the virus isn’t enough to conclude it’s the cause of disease.
Dec 11, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on No. 1 biosecurity lesson: Never stop improvingThe first lesson of biosecurity, according to Andrea Pitkin, DVM, health assurance veterinarian for PIC, is to learn, modify and adapt because new threats can surface at any time.
Nov 14, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Researchers tackle survivability issues head-onOne in three pigs born on US farms fail to reach market, according to Jason Ross, PhD, a professor of animal physiology at Iowa State University and director of the Iowa Pork Industry Center.
Nov 06, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Larger litters, more competition for colostrum make pigs more susceptible to clostridial enteritisBy Daniel A. Nelson, PhD, Senior nutritionist, pork technical services, Zoetis
Oct 02, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Researchers expand understanding of virus transmission in feedAs African swine fever virus continues to march across the globe, the US pork sector is laser focused on keeping it from reaching the homeland.
Sep 26, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Feed, water, air and comfort: Keys to prevent tail bitingTail biting in pigs remains something of a mystery. What triggers a pig or pigs to bite tails? Why do some express this vice and others do not?
Sep 09, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Steps to mitigate cross-contamination of piglet processing fluids with PRRS MLVAs piglets move from the sow farm to the growing stage, it’s important to know their porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) status.
Aug 16, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on On the road again? Be careful not to pig outSwine veterinarians putting in long days on the road caring for pigs should be just as cognizant of their own health and nutritional needs.
Aug 13, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Positive interactions with sows reduce piglet crushingEncouraging staff to have more direct involvement with managing and handling sows can have positive impacts on herd welfare and mortality rates, say scientists.
Aug 12, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Impact of control options for Streptococcus suis and Haemophilus parasuisHelping piglets make a smooth transition at weaning is always a priority, but bacterial pathogens such as Streptococcus suis and Haemophilus parasuis can make that goal particularly challenging.
Jul 22, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on A simple scoring system can provide insights into tail biting and lamenessTail biting and lameness directly impact the well-being of growing pigs, which in turn impacts their productivity and the farm’s economics.
Jul 08, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on National ASF-surveillance plan: What you need to knowThe pork industry leans heavily on diagnostics to minimize the impact of disease, but they’re especially critical for monitoring African swine fever (ASF) and other trade-limiting foreign animal...
Jun 13, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Optimizing nutrition key to unlocking full benefits of immunocastrationAn alternative technique to physical castration could offer US hog producers a host of financial and management benefits.
May 29, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Feed-mill biosecurity critical to reducing disease transmissionFeed and feed ingredients are generating a lot of interest as possible vectors in transmitting swine diseases.
May 21, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Emerging technologies at AASV: Four new tools to boost efficiencyBetween tight margins and constant herd-health challenges, pork producers are always looking for new ways to increase efficiencies and profits while also increasing transparency.
May 15, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Emerging technologies at AASV: Three cool tools headed to hog farmsThe so-called Internet of Things — that emerging world in which everyday tools like thermostats and doorbells suddenly become indispensable smart devices — is not lost on the pork industry.
Apr 10, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on AVMA releases first-ever guidelines for depopulation of animalsThe AVMA has published its first ever Guidelines for the Depopulation of Animals to help veterinarians support animal welfare in situations where the difficult decision to depopulate has been made.
Jan 30, 2019Susan SpiegelComments Off on Managing pain, Strep suis infection in baby pigs critical for welfareThe US pork industry has demonstrated high standards for animal welfare, but there is still much to learn about mitigating pain — not only during processing, but also pain resulting from Strep...
May 14, 2018Susan SpiegelComments Off on Crossing the line: Biosecurity for employee entry is still a work in progressBy Derald Holtkamp, MS, DVM Associate Professor Iowa State University